BestForPets is reader-supported. Your purchases via our links may earn us an affiliate commission at no extra cost to you. Our Affiliate Disclaimer

How to Improve Joint Health for Dogs: A Comprehensive Guide

You probably want your dog to live a long, happy, and healthy life if you own one. Joint health is one of the most critical aspects of your dog's well-being. Joints are the connections between bones that allow your dog to move and perform various activities.

However, joints can also be affected by various diseases and conditions that can cause pain, inflammation, stiffness, and reduced mobility.

Joint problems in dogs are very common and can affect dogs of any age, breed, or size. According to the American College of Veterinary Surgeons, about 25% of dogs in the United States suffer from some form of arthritis, which is the most common joint disease in dogs.

Arthritis is a degenerative condition that occurs when the cartilage that cushions the joints wears away, leading to bone-on-bone friction and inflammation.

Fortunately, there are many ways to improve joint health for dogs and help them live more comfortably and happily. In this comprehensive guide, BestForPets will cover everything you need to know about joint health for dogs, including:

icon Vet Approved
icon Reviewed & Fact - Checked by

Deborah R. Fletcher (DVM)


The information provided is current and up-to-date, in line with the latest research conducted in the field of veterinary medicine.

Read more icon

What Causes Joint Problems in Dogs?

What Causes Joint Problems in Dogs

There are numerous factors that can contribute to joint disorders in dogs. These include:

1. Age:

As dogs age, their joints can deteriorate due to natural wear and tear. This can lead to arthritis and other joint diseases that can impact their mobility and quality of life.

2. Breed:

Certain breeds are more prone to joint problems due to genetic predisposition or physical characteristics. For example, Labrador Retrievers, German Shepherds, and Great Danes are prone to hip dysplasia or elbow dysplasia, while Dachshunds, Pugs, and Basset Hounds are more likely to develop intervertebral disc disease (IVDD).

3. Weight:

Extra weight can put added stress on a dog’s joints, increasing the risk of joint problems. Obesity can also cause inflammation and metabolic disorders, which can impact joint health.

4. Activity level:

Both insufficient and excessive exercise can impact a dog’s joints. Insufficient exercise can lead to muscle weakness, reducing joint support and stability. Excessive exercise can cause overexertion or injury to the joints if the dog is not properly conditioned or warmed up.

5. Injury:

Joint disorders can also result from injuries such as accidents, falls, conflicts, or athletic activities. Damage to the cartilage, ligaments, tendons, or bones of the joints can lead to inflammation, pain, or instability.

6. Infection:

Infections like Lyme disease or bacterial arthritis can cause joint inflammation, pain, and fever in dogs. Bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites can enter the dog’s body through wounds and cause infections.

7. Genetics:

Some dogs may inherit a genetic susceptibility to joint problems due to their breed or lineage. This can affect joint structure, function, or development, increasing the risk of joint diseases and disorders.

According to the AKC Canine Health Foundation, one in four dogs in the United States suffers from arthritis, and not all of them are elderly. Arthritis is a progressive condition that worsens over time, impacting the quality of life of your furry friend. Therefore, it is crucial to prevent or delay the onset of joint problems in dogs to the best of your ability.

How to Recognize Joint Problems in Dogs?

Joint issues in dogs can cause a range of signs and symptoms that can impact their disposition, performance, and behavior. Common indications and symptoms of joint problems in dogs include:

1. Lameness or limping:

This is one of the most noticeable signs that a dog has joint problems. Pain, stiffness, or swelling in the affected joint may cause your dog to limp or favor one leg over another. Depending on the severity and cause of the joint disorder, a limp may be intermittent or constant.

2. Reluctance to move or jump:

Due to joint problems, your dog may be less interested in moving, running, jumping, playing, or climbing stairs. Additionally, they may have difficulty standing up or lying down, especially after resting or sleeping.

3. Changes in appetite:

Due to joint problems, your dog may eat less or more than usual. Due to joint problem-related pain, dizziness, or depression, they may eat less. They may eat more food due to boredom, stress, or medication side effects resulting from joint issues.

4. Lethargy:

Due to joint problems, your dog may appear tired, lethargic, or lazy. They may sleep more than usual or have less energy or motivation to engage in their regular activities.

5. Sudden irritability when touched or petted:

Due to pain or discomfort, your dog may react negatively when you touch or pet them near the affected joint. They may growl, snap, bite, or avoid contact with you or other animals.

6. Loss of muscle mass in the hind limbs and hips:

Due to joint problems, your dog may lose muscle mass or tone in their hind limbs and hips. This may occur due to decreased activity, decreased blood flow, or nerve damage caused by joint issues.

7. Joint swelling:

Due to joint problems, your dog may exhibit visible swelling or inflammation in the affected joint. This can occur due to fluid buildup, infection, injury, or an immune response triggered by joint issues.

If you notice any of these symptoms in your dog, it is essential to take them to the veterinarian for a comprehensive examination and diagnosis. Your veterinarian will perform a physical examination, inquire about your dog’s history and behavior, and may request additional tests such as blood tests, x-rays, ultrasound, etc., to determine the cause and severity of your dog’s joint problem.

How to Treat Joint Problems in Dogs?

How to Treat Joint Problems in Dogs

The treatment for joint issues in dogs depends on the nature, severity, and underlying cause of the condition. Your veterinarian will recommend an appropriate treatment strategy for your dog’s condition and needs. Common treatment options for canine joint issues include:

1. Medications:

There are several medications that can help your dog with joint problems. These include anti-inflammatory medications (such as NSAIDs), analgesics (such as opioids), steroids (such as prednisone), and disease-modifying drugs (such as pentosan polysulfate), among others.

These medications can reduce inflammation, pain, and stiffness in the affected joint, improving your dog’s mobility and comfort. However, these drugs can also have side effects such as gastric ulcers, liver damage, kidney damage, and bleeding disorders, among others. Therefore, they should be used with caution and under the supervision of your veterinarian.

2. Surgery:

In some cases, surgery may be necessary to treat joint problems in dogs. This may include repairing or replacing a damaged joint, removing bone spurs or fragments, stabilizing the joint with screws and plates, etc. Surgical intervention can restore the joint’s function and structure and prevent further deterioration.

However, there are risks associated with surgery, including infection, bleeding, nerve damage, etc. Therefore, it should only be considered as a last resort after weighing the risks and benefits with your veterinarian.

3. Physical therapy:

By improving their range of motion, strength, flexibility, and balance, physical therapy can help your dog with joint problems. Physical therapy may include exercises, massage, flexibility, hydrotherapy, laser therapy, acupuncture, and other modalities.

Physical therapy can reduce pain and inflammation in the affected joint and improve your dog’s performance and recovery. However, physical therapy should be performed by a certified professional under the supervision of your veterinarian.

4. Alternative therapies:

There are also alternative treatments that can help your dog’s joint problems. Herbal remedies, supplements, homeopathy, chiropractic care, etc. fall under this category. These therapies can support the joint health and well-being of your dog by providing natural or holistic remedies. However, these therapies should not be used in place of conventional treatments; they should be used with caution and under the guidance of a veterinarian.

The most effective treatment for canine joint problems is a combination of modalities that address both the underlying cause and the symptoms of the condition. Your veterinarian will help you develop an individualized treatment plan for your dog’s condition and needs.

How to Prevent Joint Problems in Dogs?

Prevention is always preferable to treatment when it comes to dog joint problems. You can take preventative measures to help your dog avoid or delay joint problems as much as possible. These include:

How to Prevent Joint Problems in Dogs

1. Maintaining a healthy weight:

Extra weight can place additional strain on your dog’s joints and increase the likelihood of joint problems. Therefore, you should maintain a healthy weight for your dog by providing a balanced diet and avoiding overfeeding and excessive treat giving. You can modify your dog’s diet based on their body condition score.

2. Providing a balanced diet:

A well-balanced diet can provide your dog with the necessary nutrients for joint health and overall wellbeing. Choose a high-quality dog food that is appropriate for your dog’s age, size, level of activity, and health conditions. Check out our article on the best dog foods for joint health for more information.

You should also avoid feeding your dog human foods that are potentially harmful or toxic, such as chocolate, grapes, scallions, garlic, etc. Consult your veterinarian for specific dietary recommendations or joint health supplements for your dog.

3. Exercising regularly and moderately:

Exercise can help your dog maintain a healthy weight, strengthen muscles and bones, and improve blood circulation and joint lubrication. However, excessive or inadequate exercise can also damage your dog’s joints. Therefore, you should provide your dog with moderate, consistent exercise that is appropriate for their age, breed, and overall health.

Additionally, you should warm up and cool down your dog before and after exercise to prevent injuries or discomfort. You should also avoid activities such as leaping and running on hard surfaces that can cause excessive tension or impact on your dog’s joints.

4. Avoiding overexertion or trauma:

Overuse or trauma can cause joint injury in your dog, resulting in inflammation, pain, or instability. You should therefore avoid exposing your dog to situations that can result in overexertion or trauma, such as rough play, conflicts, accidents, collapses, etc. You should also monitor your dog’s level of activity and signs of discomfort, stopping them if they exhibit symptoms of fatigue or discomfort.

5. Providing a comfortable environment:

A comfortable environment can help your dog relax and reduce joint tension. You should provide your dog with a warm, plush bed that provides support for their spine and joints. Additionally, you should trim your dog’s claws to prevent them from stumbling or scratching the floor. In addition, you should provide your dog with easy access to water, food, toys, etc., and avoid making them climb stairs or jump on furniture.

By taking these precautions, you can help your dog maintain joint health and prevent or delay the onset of joint problems.

What are the Best Joint Supplements for Dogs?

Joint supplements are products containing ingredients that can support the health and function of your dog’s joints. As a complement to other treatments or preventative measures for joint disorders in dogs, joint supplements offer additional benefits such as:

  • Maintaining mobility: Joint supplements can enhance your dog’s mobility and flexibility by lubricating and minimizing friction in their joints.
  • Reducing pain: By reducing inflammation and inhibiting pain signals, joint supplements can help reduce your dog’s pain and discomfort.
  • Reducing inflammation: By modulating the immune system response and inhibiting the production of inflammatory mediators, joint supplements can help reduce inflammation in your dog’s joints.
  • Encouraging new cartilage growth: By supplying the building blocks for cartilage synthesis and repair, joint supplements can help promote the growth of new cartilage in your dog’s joints.
  • Preventing cartilage breakdown: By inhibiting the activity of cartilage-degrading enzymes, joint supplements can help prevent the degeneration of cartilage in your dog’s joints.

Numerous joint supplements for dogs are available on the market. However, not all of them are effective or safe for your companion. Before administering any joint supplement to your dog, you should consult your veterinarian and follow their instructions carefully.

What are the Best Joint Supplements for Dogs

The following are some of the primary components and functions of joint supplements for dogs:

  • Glucosamine: Glucosamine is a naturally occurring substance present in joint cartilage and synovial fluid. It stimulates the production of new cartilage and synovial fluid and prevents the degradation of existing cartilage. Glucosamine also helps reduce joint inflammation and discomfort. Glucosamine can be extracted from crustaceans or manufactured in a facility. The daily recommended dosage of glucosamine for canines is 20 mg per pound of body weight.
  • Chondroitin: Chondroitin is another natural substance present in joint cartilage and connective tissue. It attracts water and nutrients to the cartilage and inhibits cartilage-degrading enzymes. Chondroitin also helps reduce joint inflammation and discomfort. Chondroitin can be derived from bovine, porcine, or avian cartilage, or synthesized in a facility. The daily recommended dosage of chondroitin for canines is 15 mg per pound of body weight.
  • MSM: MSM refers to methylsulfonylmethane, a naturally occurring sulfur compound found in plants, animals, and people. MSM helps maintain the structure and function of the joints by supplying sulfur, which is necessary for the formation of collagen, a protein that forms cartilage and connective tissues. In addition to reducing inflammation and joint pain, MSM acts as an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent. MSM can be extracted from pine trees or synthesized in a laboratory. The daily recommended dosage of MSM for canines is 50 mg per pound of body weight.
  • Omega-3 fatty acids: Omega-3 fatty acids are essential fatty acids found in fish oil, flaxseed oil, and hemp oil, among other sources. By modulating the immune system’s response and inhibiting the production of inflammatory mediators, omega-3 fatty acids promote healthy joint lubrication and decrease inflammation and discomfort in the joints. Omega-3 fatty acids also support a dog’s skin, coat, heart, brain, and kidneys’ health. Omega-3 fatty acid dosage recommendations for canines are 20 milligrams of EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and 12 mg of DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) per pound of body weight per day.
  • Turmeric: The condiment turmeric is derived from the rhizome of the Curcuma longa plant. Curcumin, which is present in turmeric, possesses anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial, antiviral, antifungal, and anticancer properties. By inhibiting the activity of inflammatory enzymes and blocking pain signals, turmeric helps reduce joint inflammation and pain. Additionally, turmeric improves a dog’s digestion, liver function, blood circulation, and immune health. The daily recommended dosage of turmeric for canines is 15 to 20 mg per pound of body weight.

These are some of the most effective joint supplements for canines, which can enhance their joint health and function. Before administering any joint supplement to your dog, you should always consult your veterinarian and follow their instructions carefully. Additionally, you should monitor your dog’s reaction to the supplement and report any adverse effects or changes to your veterinarian.


Joint health is crucial for the well-being and happiness of dogs. Joint issues in dogs can result in pain, inflammation, stiffness, and decreased mobility, all of which can negatively impact their quality of life. However, there are numerous ways to improve a dog’s joint health and make their lives more comfortable and enjoyable.

BestForPets hopes that this guide has been helpful and informative. Please feel free to contact us if you have any questions or comments, or leave a comment below.

Thank you for reading!

Author Image

Dr. Elsa Fabian

Dr. Elsa Fabian, DVM, is a qualified veterinary and medical editor with seven years of experience and a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine degree. She has edited approximately 700 projects, such as research papers published in academic publications, continuing medical education training materials, and pet health articles.

Veterinarian (DVM) Dr. Elsa Fabian


Rated 0 out of 5
0 out of 5 stars (based on 0 reviews)
Very good0%

There are no reviews yet. Be the first one to write one.

Related articles