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5 Types Of Cat Personalities: Which Cat Is Yours?

If you are like most people, you believe that there is just one personality type for cats: cat. Although some cats may be more friendly or aloof than others, aren't they all essentially the same?

Evidently, the answer is negative. According to animal biologists, there are five fundamental personality types and five distinct personality traits exhibited by cats.

The article "5 Types of Cat Personalities: Which Cat Is Yours?" on BestForPets (bestforpets.org) discusses each of these characteristics in further detail, so continue reading to determine which category your cat may fall into.

However, it is important to note that, like to human personalities, cats may not cleanly fit into a single category. Don't try to push your cat into a box if they don't fit; if they do, they will sit in it.

The 5 Cat Personality Types

Dr. Lauren Finka of England’s University of Lincoln is widely credited with developing the many cat personality types. Dr. Finka interviewed 200 cat owners and used their responses to categorize their feline friends as follows.

1. The Human Cat

This feline has adjusted nicely to living with a human. They are kind and loving, as well as generally content and well-adjusted. This cat will willingly spend time with you without being aggressive or violent, making it the “perfect” pet.

However, this increases the risk that your human cat may have separation anxiety and won’t get along with other pets (or other humans).

2. The Cantankerous Cat

This is the inverse of the domesticated cat. Although not wild, the cantankerous cat dislikes being touched, picked up, or interacted with (short of being fed and given treats, of course). These creatures are often timid and apprehensive, and they may never feel completely at ease in your house.

They’re independent creatures, so they won’t mind if you’re gone for the entire day. Also, if your obstinate cat does decide to show you affection, it will be far more valuable than affection from a human cat.

3. The Hunter Cat

This is the personality type closest to that of a wild cat. Hunter cats devote the majority of their time to hunting, whether that is pursuing mice or creeping up on objects resembling mice. They do not appear to comprehend that you will offer all of their meals for free, so they spend the majority of their waking hours searching for food.

Hunter cats may or may not tolerate affection, although they are often far more driven by the possibility to kill anything than by affection.

4. The Cat’s Cat

These cats are loving toward other felines, and they prefer to spend the majority of their time snuggling, grooming, and playing with other felines.

Cat’s cats may also enjoy human companionship, but they prefer the company of other cats (and who can blame them?). Clearly, they thrive in multi-cat families, and may develop depression if kept alone.

5. The Inquisitive Cat

These felines are naturally curious and spend the most of their day sniffing about the house. Any guests are met and scrutinized extensively, and while they may or may not tolerate love from them, they will surely sniff them completely.

Curiose cats enjoy playing with toys, particularly boxes, bags, and mazes. They often do not perform well as outdoor cats since their confidence might get them into danger (we all know what curiosity did to the cat, after all).

The Five Cat Personality Traits

These five qualities, which were established by academics at the University of South Australia, provide another lens through which to examine your cat’s personality.

Instead of attempting to generalize about a cat’s personality, they preferred to focus on the particular characteristics that tend to comprise their dispositions.


Skittish cats are continuously anxious and on edge. They may not come out to visit frequently (and never while outsiders are there), and they may flee at the first sign of an unexpected disturbance.

If you have a cat that is easily frightened, you should provide them with several places to hide and feel secure. Tall cat trees, particularly ones with built-in cat condos, are an excellent option.

You may also wish to determine the root cause of their apprehension. They may be terrified of another cat in the house, or they may be afraid of anything else in your household. If you can eliminate or lessen the trigger, you may be able to reduce the sensitivity.

Notably, skittishness refers to a persistent uneasiness, not the nervousness displayed by cats in a new setting. It is normal for your cat to feel anxious for a few days if you have just brought it home. If this anxiety persists, though, you may be dealing with a frightened cat.


This is in many ways the reverse of timidity. Outgoing cats are inquisitive (similar to the “inquisitive cat” personality type), and they will gladly come out to greet visitors or rummage through your groceries.

These cats thrive from having an abundance of toys and interactive playthings in the home, and you may wish to make them a catio or at least place a cat tree near the window. As with curious cats, you should not let them to roam freely outside.

You should also take note if your normally gregarious cat has become suddenly more reclusive. This may be a natural aspect of your cat’s age, but it may also indicate that he or she is in discomfort or unwell.


Dominant felines do not get along with other felines. They may fight or bully more subordinate cats, and having a dominant cat is an excellent method to assure that you have at least one or more fearful cats.

You shouldn’t allow a dominating cat go outside, since it will likely fight with other cats in the area. This greatly raises the probability that they may sustain a severe injury or get a disease such as feline AIDS.

Additionally, dominant cats may attempt to dominate other animals, such as dogs. This might result in your dog being as fearful as your other cats, or the dog stopping the bullying immediately (perhaps fatally). In any case, it is preferable not to let your dominating cat to mingle with other animals.

You may be able to moderate a cat’s dominance by training, socializing, or medical intervention (such as administering anti-anxiety medication or spaying or neutering), but you may not be able to do anything about it. In this instance, your best option is to ensure that they are the only cat in the house or to always keep them segregated from other animals.


Cats that are spontaneous are impetuous and chaotic. They may be snuggling on your lap one moment and rushing around your flat at high speed the next, apparently without rhyme or reason.

The behavior of these cats resembles that of timid cats, however it may be less anxious than that of their counterparts. Nonetheless, you should attempt to determine the cause of the impulsive conduct, since it may cease if the triggers are identified and removed.


As the reverse of dominance, friendliness in cats suggests a readiness to welcome humans and other animals into its area. They may accept other kittens (or even dogs!) as playmates, and they are likely to be the first to meet visitors as they enter the home.

While some cats’ friendliness may be natural, in most cases it is the consequence of good socialization. The more time your cat spends with other people and animals, particularly as a small kitten, the more probable it is that it will view them as friends rather than as dangers.

As with curious cats, though, friendliness is not necessarily a positive trait, particularly if the cat is allowed outside. A cat that is sociable may be less likely to recognize some creatures as hazards before it is too late.

What Does It Matter What Type of Personality Your Cat Has?

In other aspects, the personality type of a cat may be only a piece of knowledge – a method to learn more about your cat and feel closer to it.

However, some personality types can significantly impact the quality of life of your cat. A fearful cat is generally not comfortable or content in their environment, so whatever you can do to minimize their fearfulness will enhance their quality of life.

Similarly, if you are considering adopting a new kitten, it would be beneficial to know which of your current cats are dominant. If so, it might be prudent to wait until those cats have gone on before adding to your group.

Additionally, it is essential to understand your cat’s baseline nature so that you can detect any changes. As with people, rapid and significant personality changes in cats are typically indicative of a problem. This may indicate that the cat is ill or that something in their environment is upsetting them. In any case, it is essential to determine the reason as quickly as possible.

What Type of Personality Does Your Cat Have?

Despite the fact that your cat may not fit neatly into any of the personality qualities or kinds described in “5 Types of Cat Personalities: Which Cat Is Yours?” on BestForPets (bestforpets.org), it is likely that at least one of them adequately describes your pet. We hope this infomation helps you better understand your cat.

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Dr. Deborah Fletcher

Deborah R. Fletcher, DVM, is a skilled veterinarian with more than 15 years of experience dealing with companion and exotic animals. She has experience caring for a variety of animals, including household cats and dogs, reptiles, birds of prey, and even primates. Dr. Fletcher is a valuable part of the BestForPets team, where she contributes to their aim of providing pets and their owners with the finest possible treatment and services.

Veterinarian (DVM) Dr. Deborah Fletcher


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