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30+ Types Of Betta Fish: Breeds, Patterns & More (With Pictures)

Betta fish, often known as Siamese fighting fish, are among the most popular freshwater fish in the world among aquarists.

The vibrant colors and flamboyant fins of these energetic fish give them the impression of flamenco dancers, as they weave about their tank with their fins on show.

When it comes to betta fish, it is the males that are most recognized for their elegant flowing tails, vibrant colors, and distinctive patterns; hence, hobbyists and professional aquarists value these males the most.

There are around 70 distinct wild variants of the betta fish, with many more generated in captivity. The betta is indigenous to the Mekong Delta region of Southeast Asia.

The key to understanding and distinguishing betta fish is recognizing that their diverse appearances result from the numerous color, pattern, and tail kinds that may be combined.

Let's examine the several species of this gorgeous fish in "30+ Types of Betta Fish: Breeds, Patterns & More (With Pictures)" by BestForPets (bestforpets.org).

Betta Fish Colors & Types

Betta fish are available in a vast array of solid colors, ranging from the most vibrant to basic whites and blacks, however many are also two-toned and others have a variety of pigmentation patterns.

In the natural, the coloration of these fish is very subdued, however captive-bred specimens can be found in virtually any vivid hue or hue.

1. Albino Betta

Without a doubt, the albino betta is the rarest species. Similar to albinos in other animal species, albino betta fish have no pigmentation, are completely white, and have pink or reddish-tinged eyes.

Albino betta fish are so rare that some people deny their existence. The majority of reported albino fish are white or cellophane variants that have been misidentified as albino; if the fish has black eyes, it is not an albino.

Breeding albino betta fish is particularly challenging due to their great sensitivity to UV radiation, which sometimes causes them to go blind at an early age.

2. Black Betta

Predominant types of black betta:

  • Black lace
  • Melano
  • Metallic (or copper) black

The albino betta fish is unquestionably the rarest species. Like with other albinos, albino betta fish have no pigmentation, are completely white, and have pink or red eyes.

Albino betta fish are so rare that some people deny their existence. The majority of reported albino fish are really white or cellophane variants that have been misidentified as albino.

As a result of their great sensitivity to UV radiation, albino betta fish are notoriously blinded at an early age, making their reproduction exceptionally challenging.

3. Blue Betta

There is always an exception, and the betta fish is an exception to the rule that blue is not a frequent color among fish species.

Main types of blue betta fish

  • Steel blue
  • Royal blue
  • Turquoise blue

Steel-blue bettas are grayish-blue and have a ‘blue wash’ look, but royal blue and turquoise blue bettas have brilliant and rich blue coloration, with a tint of green in the case of the turquoise.

4. Clear/Cellophane Betta

The clear betta fish is sometimes mistaken for the uncommon albino betta fish because its skin is transparent and lacks colour.

The delicate pink hue of these fish is not a result of their skin tone, but rather the color of their internal organs, which is visible through their skin. The tails of these fish frequently seem green or blue.

Nevertheless, this is only the color of the light traveling through the water they are swimming in, as neither their tails nor fins are pigmented.

5. Chocolate Betta Fish

Often, the word ‘chocolate’ refers to a popular kind of betta fish with a brown or tan body and vivid orange fins.

Strangely, despite the term’s popularity, “chocolate” is not an officially recognized hue for betta fish. These fish are appropriately referred to as bicolor brown and bicolor orange bettas. T

he confusion is compounded by the fact that chocolate bettas have a strikingly similar colour to mustard (see below) betta fish.

6. Green Betta

Green betta fish are often solid green in appearance, however they may be found in a range of hues, from turquoise to a dark green that, under some lighting conditions, seems nearly black. The defining characteristic of all green bettas is a metallic sheen that shimmers in the light.

7. Mustard Betta Fish

The mustard betta is an exceedingly common species. Similar to the chocolate betta, they are bicolored and have a dark body with an orange tail and fins that are translucent.

In contrast to chocolate bettas, which have a brown body, mustard bettas often have a blue or green body, and their tails may have black tips.

8. Pastel Betta

The pastel betta fish, also known as opaque, is not technically a color variety. Rather, it is caused by a recessive gene that imparts the appearance of a whitewash over the fish’s basic color. The name of the pastel or opaque betta fish is derived from this coloration modification.

The exact color of these fishes can vary considerably, however they are commonly found in pastel pinks and blues.

9. Orange Betta Fish

People often think of the Common Goldfish when they envision an orange fish. Yet, betta fish that resemble goldfish in coloration are incredibly uncommon. Often, orange bettas have a vibrant orange hue.

If you intend to maintain orange betta fish, it is imperative that your fish tank has full-spectrum illumination, since insufficient lighting can cause orange bettas to seem reddish rather than their genuine orange/tangerine hue.

Moreover, there is a second orange-colored betta fish often known as the orange dalmatian. These fish are formally classified as a bi-color type, and their fins are typically spotted with brilliant orange patches.

10. Purple Betta Fish

Genuine purple is an exceedingly uncommon color for betta fish, and it is practically impossible to get a true purple betta. Hence, these fish are among the most costly colored bettas available.

Often, purple betta fish have a blue, crimson, or lavender tint. Yet, even these shades of purple are exceedingly rare, and while they are less expensive than full purple fish, they are still rather expensive.

11. Red Betta 

Red is an incredibly common color for betta fish, despite being a stunning hue. The desirable appearance for bettas is a solid, continuous shade of brilliant red, according to betta enthusiasts.

As with other colors, it is uncommon to see a completely red fish, as they are typically bicolored, with dark bodies and tails and fins with red highlights.

12. Wild-Type Betta Fish

Although iridescence is not a color and is typically used to describe a pattern rather than a hue, wild-type betta fish typically have a green or blue iridescent body and reddish tails and fins with blue/green tips.

13. Yellow/Pineapple Betta

Yellow betta fish are frequently referred to by hobbyists as non-red rather than yellow, although they are really available in a range of yellow tones, from pale yellow to a buttery brown.

While they are technically still yellow, pineapple betta fish have deeper definition around their scales, giving them the appearance of a pineapple, hence their name.

Betta Fish Patterns

In addition to their diverse coloration, betta fish may be classed based on the many patterns on their bodies and fins. Hence, while addressing betta fish, it is necessary to examine both their basic color and their unique color patterns.

14. Bi-colored Betta

Many betta fish have several colors on their bodies or fins, and bicolored bettas are particularly common. Bi-colored bettas with a single solid color on their bodies and an entirely distinct color on their fins are rarer and more desirable.

For competition purposes, it is essential that bi-colored bettas have only two colors, regardless of their color arrangement; otherwise, they will be disqualified.

15. Butterfly Betta

Butterfly betta fish have a solid color that continues part-way through their fins and tails, before halting at a noticeable line, leaving the rest of their fins and tail pale and translucent.

Ideally, the color shift happens halfway through the fish’s tail and fins so that there is a 50:50 split between color and translucent, although a precise split is incredibly unusual.

Although while butterfly bettas with marbling in their tails are aesthetically pleasing, this trait is considered undesirable for competition purposes.

16. Cambodian Betta Fish

Cambodian patterning is a version of the typical bi-colored pattern, and Cambodian betta fish have a pink or white body with a blood-red tail and fins.

In recent years, Cambodian bettas have become uncommon as breeders have focused on producing fish with more unusual appearances.

17. Dragon Betta Fish

Despite their look, dragon betta fish are brilliant red or orange in color with white scales that glitter metallically and give them the impression of dragon-like armor. Their tails and fins are not scaled, so they retain their vibrant colors.

Nevertheless, not all scaled betta fish are dragon bettas; to be categorized as such, the fish must have metallic scales that cover its body and face and are thick and white or opaque.

18. Grizzle Betta

The pattern of Grizzle betta fish consists of half a single dark shade and half a single light shade of the same base color. These fish have what seems to be light-colored strokes scribbled or painted with a fine tip pen or brush across their black bodies.

19. Marble Betta

The body, tails, and fins of marble betta fish are distinguished by their distinctively colored splotchy patterns. Generally, marble bettas have a light-colored body with a pattern of black marble that is typically a single striking hue.

Intriguingly, Marble bettas do not have their marble patterns at birth, but rather develop them as they age, and their patterns frequently alter multiple times over their lives.

20. Mask Betta

The majority of betta fish have a darker face than the rest of their body. In contrast, mask bettas have a face that is the same color as the rest of their bodies.

From their head to the base of their tail, their whole body is a single continuous hue—leaving just their fins and tail to reflect a varied shade or color.

As their name implies, half of a half mask betta’s face is the same color as its body, while the other half is a different shade or hue.

21. Multi-colored Betta Fish

Multicolored betta fish are extremely popular, and the term is used to describe any betta fish with three or more colors on its body that does not conform to a specific pattern type.

The number of possible color and pattern combinations for these fish is practically infinite.

 

Betta Fish Fin and Tail Types

In the same way that betta fish come in a variety of colors and patterns, they also have a variety of fin and tail kinds. This is the final step in describing and classifying distinct betta fish species.

22. Combtail Betta

The combtail is a relatively new variety of betta fish that, according to many aquarists, is not a distinct tail type but rather a trait shared by numerous tail types.

Fish with a combtail have a big, fan-like, but less than 180-degree-wide hind fin. Fish having a caudal fin that is broader than 180 degrees are not termed combtails, but rather half-suns, which will be discussed below.

Notably, combtail betta fish have rays that extend beyond the tail’s webbing, giving them a pointed, comb-like look.

23. Crowntail Betta

Crowntail betta fish are closely related to combtail betta fish. Their fins and tail webbing extend only briefly along each ray, making them simple to recognize. Hence, their tails are very spiked and crown-like.

Due to the lack of webbing in their tails, crowntail bettas frequently break their tail rays, resulting in a bowed tail.

Crowntail bettas may also have double or even triple ray extensions, in which several tail or fin rays seem to radiate from larger core rays.

24. Delta Betta Fish

Delta bettas are a very popular and gorgeous species of betta fish with triangular tails and webbing that often reaches to the tip of each ray, indicating that their rays lack a crown.

Instead, the edges of their tails are rounded. They are available in a range of colors and designs and are called after the Greek letter delta.

There are two subtypes of delta bettas, which are known as delta and super delta. The tail of a super delta betta is broader than that of a conventional delta.

25. Double Tail Betta

As implied by its name, the twin tail betta has two caudal (rear) fins. It is a common myth that their double tail is simply a single tail divided in two, however this is not the case. Double-tailed fish have two entire and distinct fins that are in no manner connected or divided.

The double tail is the product of a genetic abnormality that gives the fish considerable trouble and typically shortens its lifespan, despite its popularity among aquarists.

Particularly, the double tail hinders the function of the fish’s swim bladder and can increase its susceptibility to fin rot and other fin disorders.

26. Half Moon/Over Half Moon Betta

The broad spread of the tails of half moon betta fish, which is normally 180 degrees, gives their tails the form of a capital D, hence the name.

In addition to possessing extremely large caudal fins, its dorsal and anal fins are also significantly larger than those of a regular betta fish, but they do not extend to a complete 180 degrees.

The over half moon betta fish has a caudal fin that extends beyond 180 degrees, differentiating it from the half moon betta fish.

27. Half Sun Betta

The half sun betta is a relatively recent hybrid fish produced by the selective breeding of half moon and crown tail bettas. The resultant fish has a tail with rays that extend beyond the tail web.

28. Plakat Betta Fish

The plakat betta fish is distinguished by its short, nearly stumpy tail, which closely resembles the tails of wild betta fish.

Due to careful breeding, plakat betta fish now now have short half-moon and short crown tails, in addition to their conventional rounded or pointed tails. In this instance, they are known as half moon plakats and crowntail plakats, respectively.

29. Rosetail/Feathertail Betta

The rosetail betta fish possesses the most stunning, free-flowing tails of all betta fish kinds, making them the most attractive and also the most sought-after betta fish variations.

Yet, their sparkling look comes at a price, both financially and in terms of the fish’s health. The gene pool within which these fish are raised has reduced due to years of repeated cross-breeding to grow their bright tails.

This, in conjunction with some unethical breeding procedures, has made rosetail bettas far more susceptible to cancers, genetic diseases, and other health problems than many other, more common betta fish kinds.

Their long, flowing fins are more prone to fin rot than those of other types, and rosetail bettas are more likely to nibble at their own tails and fins than those with shorter or more compact tails.

30. Round Tail Betta Fish

The round tail betta is a tremendously popular betta fish that is typically available at suburban pet stores. Its eponymous tail mimics that of the delta betta, with the exception of the absence of straight edges, resulting in a spherical, nearly round appearance.

31. Spade Tail Betta

Spade tail betta fish are very similar in appearance to round tail betta fish, with the exception of their tail, which forms the shape of a spade from a deck of playing cards rather than a circle.

In terms of competitiveness, the spade-shaped tail must be symmetrical and uniform on both sides.

32. Veil Tail Betta

The veil tail is the most prevalent tail type among betta fish. Long and flowing, the caudal fin of veil tails dangles behind them when they swim, as do their dorsal and anal fins.

Veil tails, a fish with a particularly attractive appearance, were formerly immensely popular on the show and competition circuit. Nevertheless, due to their attraction to the mass market and overpopulation, they are no longer seen as beneficial for these objectives.

Final Thoughts

Betta fish are stunning and fascinating to observe. We hope “30+ Types of Betta Fish: Breeds, Patterns & More” by BestForPets (bestforpets.org) will assist you in selecting the ideal betta for you and your home.

Author Image

Dr. Deborah Fletcher

Deborah R. Fletcher, DVM, is a skilled veterinarian with more than 15 years of experience dealing with companion and exotic animals. She has experience caring for a variety of animals, including household cats and dogs, reptiles, birds of prey, and even primates. Dr. Fletcher is a valuable part of the BestForPets team, where she contributes to their aim of providing pets and their owners with the finest possible treatment and services.

Veterinarian (DVM) Dr. Deborah Fletcher

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