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Information About Shih Tzu: Everything You Need to Know About This Adorable Breed

Well, hello there, fellow pet lover! Whether you're mulling over the idea of adopting a shih tzu or just curious about this adorable breed, you've come to the right place.

BestForPets is here to give you the lowdown on everything Shih Tzu-related, from their history and personalities to their health and care. By the time you finish reading this article, you'll be a shih tzu expert, and, who knows, you may even fall head over heels in love with these little pups.

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Deborah R. Fletcher (DVM)


The information provided is current and up-to-date, in line with the latest research conducted in the field of veterinary medicine.

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The Personality of Shih Tzu

Shih tzus are friendly, vivacious, and outgoing dogs who adore human companionship. They love to play, cuddle, and accompany you wherever you go. If they are socialized properly from an early age, they are excellent with children, other dogs, and other animals.

While they are not particularly athletic or active, they enjoy short walks and indoor play. They are intelligent and trainable, but they can also be obstinate and independent at times. They tend to bark frequently, especially when excited or seeking attention. Without proper boundaries and discipline, they can quickly become spoiled.

Despite their diminutive size, shih tzus have large personalities. They are confident and curious, not timid or bashful. They are cooperative and amicable, not aggressive or dominant. They are lively and entertaining, not slothful or dull. They are devoted and loyal companions, friends, and family members, not just dogs.


The Health of Shih Tzu

The Health of Shih Tzu

Shih tzus are typically healthy dogs that, with proper care, can live for at least 14 years. However, they are prone to certain health issues that owners should be aware of, including:

  • Brachycephalic syndrome: A condition that affects short-nosed breeds and causes breathing difficulties, snoring, overheating, and eye problems.
  • Hip dysplasia: A genetic disorder that leads to arthritis and disability due to abnormal development of the hip joints.
  • Patellar luxation: A condition that causes discomfort and limping due to the dislocation of the kneecap.
  • Eye diseases: Cataracts, glaucoma, dry eye, corneal ulcers, and cherry eye can threaten vision and eye health.
  • Dental problems: Due to their small mouths and crowded teeth, they may experience dental decay, gum disease, and bad breath.
  • Allergies: Skin allergies, dietary allergies, and environmental allergies can cause itching, scratching, licking, and infections.

To prevent or treat these health issues, owners should take their shih tzu to the veterinarian regularly for checkups, vaccinations, deworming, spaying or neutering, microchipping, and flea and tick treatment.

Owners should also monitor their shih tzu for any signs of illness or discomfort, such as changes in appetite, behavior, weight, activity level, coat condition, breathing pattern, and stool quality. Additionally, they should consult with their veterinarian before giving their shih tzu any medication or supplements.

The Care of Shih Tzu

1. Shih tzus require a lot of grooming to keep their coat healthy and beautiful.

Daily or every other day brushing is required to prevent mats and tangling. In addition, they require regular baths, haircuts, nail trimming, ear cleaning, and tooth brushing.

Some owners prefer short coats because they are easier to maintain, while others leave their coats long and style them in various ways, such as a topknot, ponytail, or bow. Regardless, owners should use gentle, hypoallergenic products that are appropriate for their shih tzu’s skin and coat.

2. Shih tzus need a balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs.

They should be fed high-quality dog food suited to their age, size, and activity level. Additionally, they should always have access to clean, fresh water.

Owners should avoid overfeeding or giving excessive treats, as shih tzus are prone to obesity. Additionally, they should not feed their shih tzu any human foods that are harmful or toxic, such as chocolate, grapes, onions, garlic, and xylitol.

Your Shih Tzu deserves the best nutrition for a healthy and happy life. Don’t miss out on BestForPets latest blog post, where we share the Best Dog Foods For Shih Tzus.

3. Shih tzus need moderate exercise to stay fit and happy.

They should be taken for daily walks and playtime. Additionally, they should have toys and activities to stimulate their minds and keep them entertained. Owners should not leave them alone for extended periods, as separation anxiety or boredom-related behavior may develop. They should also provide a comfortable and safe place for their shih tzu to rest and relax.

4. Shih tzus are not just pets, but also companions.

They require affection, care, and attention from their owners. Additionally, they need guidance, direction, and training. Owners should always treat their shih tzu with kindness and patience, never with harshness or violence.

In addition to rewarding good behavior with praise and treats, owners should use a firm but gentle voice to correct unwanted behavior.


Shih tzus are adorable canines that make excellent companions for anyone who enjoys having a cuddly and sociable pet. Their rich history and endearing personality will warm your heart. Prior to adopting one, owners should consider their health and maintenance requirements.

If you are looking for shih tzu-related information, you have come to the right site. We hope this article answered all of your questions and helped you learn more about this magnificent breed.

If you are interested in acquiring a shih tzu, you can search for reputable breeders or rescue groups in your area. Additionally, you can visit online forums and social media groups to connect with other shih tzu owners and enthusiasts.

You can also read books and magazines about shih tzus to acquire additional information and advice.

BestForPets hopes you had as much fun reading this article as we did writing it. We appreciate your time and consideration. Have a wonderful day!

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Dr. Linda Wilson

Dr. Wilson has devoted her professional life to the treatment of cancer in dogs, cats, horses, ferrets, rabbits, and other exotic species. She has more than 15 years of expertise in the area and is dedicated to giving her patients the best treatment possible.

Veterinarian (DVM) Dr. Linda Wilson


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