BestForPets is reader-supported. Your purchases via our links may earn us an affiliate commission at no extra cost to you. Our Affiliate Disclaimer

The 10 Best Foods For Rat

While most people are likely familiar with dog and cat feeding, rat nutrition is frequently a mystery. When you adopt a rat, it is your responsibility to give it proper sustenance. Unless you have experience with rodent diets, this can be challenging!

On the market, there are numerous items that claim to be the greatest rat food. However, they frequently contain disparate substances, which just adds to the confusion.

In this post, BestForPets (bestforpets.org) will analyze ten of the best foods for rat on the market to help you cut through the clutter. By the end, you should have selected the ideal meal for your rat.


Essentials Regal Rat Adult Food from Oxbow

Rats are notoriously susceptible to obesity, which can result in a variety of life-threatening diseases. The adult rat food from Oxbow Essentials, Regal Rat, is designed to prevent this issue.

All rats older than four months, who have completed their growth phase and no longer require a high-fat diet, can consume this food. This is ideal for less energetic rats, which presumably accounts for the majority of captive rats.

This cuisine is composed of brown rice, a low-calorie and low-fat option. It also incorporates oats and wheat to boost fiber content. Soy and fish are the only sources of protein and fat listed.

This meal may be fed in endless quantities to your rat, making it ideal for owners on the go. It should be used in conjunction with grass hay to promote foraging.

Because this food is in kibble form, selective feeding is prevented. This can be a concern with formulations containing seeds and can lead to nutritional issues in rats.


  • Low-fat
  • Developed using premium ingredients
  • The formulation for pet food to prevent selective feeding
  • Protein and healthy fats are provided by soy and fish meal.
  • Simple feeding directions


  • Some rats shun it and favor alternatives based on seeds.

Kaytee Supreme Fortified Everyday Diet Rat & Mouse Food

Kaytee Supreme Fortified Daily Diet Rat Food is the greatest rat food for the money if you are on a budget. It is a formula derived from seeds, so you can see what it contains. It is also significantly cheaper than other foods on the market.

It contains an abundance of whole grains for protein density. It is rather high in protein and has a similar macronutrient profile to other commercially available rat meals.

The list of ingredients contains high-quality ingredients such as alfalfa meal, oat groats, wheat, and corn. It contains added minerals and vitamins, including vitamin A, B12, E, and D3.

Most rats find the crisp chunks of food appetizing. Even the pickiest of rodents, according to numerous clients, enjoyed this cuisine.

There are no artificial colors or flavors in this food. It is an all-inclusive diet that contains everything your rat requires to thrive.


  • Supplemented with nutrition
  • Tasty
  • No artificial flavors or colors
  • Contains whole grains for nutritious protein


  • Requires some cleanup

Oxbow Garden Select Rat Food for Adults

Consider Oxbow Garden Select Adult Rat Food if you want to provide your rat with the absolute best. This mix offers all of the nutrients your rat requires to thrive. It has slightly more protein than conventional formulas, but significantly less fat.

It also contains components of superior quality, such as entire yellow peas. It is kibble-shaped, preventing selective feeding. However, the kibble’s rough edge encourages chewing behavior.

All of the ingredients in this meal are grown in the United States and are certified non-GMO. The contents are comparable to what a rat would consume in the wild, but the pellets do not promote normal foraging activities.

This formula contains superior components to those of competing brands.

Similar to other pellet alternatives, some rats will not consume this product. They prefer seed mixtures that resemble feed to these pellets.


  • High in protein content
  • The form of kibble inhibits selective feeding.
  • Produced in America


  • Expensive

Mazuri Rat & Mouse Food

Mazuri Rat Food is another choice of superior quality. It is a pelleted formula derived from vegetables. It contains far more protein than most other formulas. While most are approximately 14%, this one is estimated to be 23%.

Fat is also somewhat higher than other formulae, but only slightly. We believe this is primarily because the first ingredient is dehulled soybean meal, which is relatively high in protein.

This recipe contains numerous nutrient-rich components, such as flaxseed. It also contains dried yucca, which has the potential to minimize stool and urine odor. Vitamin E is included to guarantee that your rat receives all the necessary nutrients.

Many of the ingredients naturally include omega-3 fatty acids, which promote healthy skin and coat.

This mixture is in pellet form, so your rat will not be able to pick and choose the elements it prefers. The pellets induce chewing, which prevents teeth from becoming enlarged. It contains no artificial colors or tastes.


  • Nutrient-rich substances
  • Pellets
  • Free of synthetic colors and tastes
  • High in protein content


  • Including more fat than other dishes
  • Expensive

Kaytee Forti-Diet Pro Health Mice, Rodents, and Gerbils

As an alternative pellet diet, Kaytee Forti-Diet Pro Health Rat Food may be good for your long-tailed companion. This diet is designed primarily to promote dental health.

The design promotes biting and gnawing, which can keep your rat’s teeth at the proper length. These pellets provide everything your rat requires to thrive.

This recipe incorporates corn, oats, and yucca, as well as the majority of the ingredients present in other pellets.

This chow has everything your pet rat requires. Included for brain and eye health are omega-3s. Probiotics are provided to support the gut microbiome of your rat. DHA is also included, as it can reduce cognitive deterioration in aging rats.

Despite being exceptionally low in fat, this dish is strong in protein. It has 20% protein and only 4% fat. This is an excellent ratio of macronutrients for the majority of rats.


  • Great macronutrient content
  • Enhances dental health
  • Supplemented with additional nutrients


  • Doesn’t provide a variety
  • Falls apart easily

Brown’s Tropical Carnival Delectable Mice & Rat Food

Brown’s Tropical Carnival Rat Food is one of the best seed mixtures available, but it is also fairly pricey. Seed mixtures are rather problematic, as they allow rats to select the foods they like.

Typically, rats choose higher-fat diets than those that are higher in vitamins. This can cause complications in the future.

This food’s initial few components are grains, including oat groats, wheat, and corn. Sunflower seeds are also included, despite their extremely high fat content.

This dish contains more fat than the majority of its competitors. This renders it unsuitable for less active rats or those already suffering with weight issues.

Due to the fact that it is a blend of seeds, your rats can profit from the variety. Some are extremely finicky eaters and will only consume seed mixes.

If this describes your infants, this may be an appropriate food. Other than that, we recommend selecting pellets.


  • Provides variety for rats
  • Contains some premium components


  • Expensive
  • Heavy in fat

Kaytee Fiesta Gourmet Variety Diet Mouse & Rat Food

Another seed mixture, Kaytee Fiesta Gourmet Variety Rat Food is intended to provide a complete diet for rats. In addition, the food promotes cerebral stimulation by encouraging foraging activities.

However, it also permits selective feeding, which could lead to nutritional issues if your rat refuses to consume anything but a few items.

It is enriched to provide comprehensive nourishment, thus numerous vitamins and minerals have been included.

The ingredients are of acceptable quality and exactly what would be expected in rat food. Corn is the most common ingredient, while sunflower seeds and peanuts are also included.

Some of the ingredients contain a considerable amount of fat, which may be problematic for some rats. As a result, the formula contains more fat than many other available options.

Furthermore, if your rat chooses to take exclusively the fatty foods, they may consume much more fat.

This food contains additional nutrients such as omega-3 fatty acids and probiotics.


  • Excellent ingredients
  • Offers variety


  • Lipid-rich ingredients
  • Selective feeding allowed

Complete Nutrition Natural Foraging Blend Gerbil, Mouse, and Rat Food by Vitakraft

It is considered that Vitakraft Complete Nutrition Rat Food is a high-protein seed mixture. However, there are alternatives on the market with a larger protein content, as this formula only contains 16% protein.

Surprisingly, this dish contains a low amount of fat. This is primarily due to the absence of sunflower seeds and comparable substances found in other seed combinations.

Even while rats enjoy these diets, they can induce obesity and other issues, especially when mixed with seeds.

The purpose of this food is to encourage natural foraging. Additionally, it contains probiotics to aid digestion and is devoid of artificial colors, tastes, and preservatives. The diet is perfectly balanced.

This cuisine appears to be of outstanding quality, yet it is expensive. Selective eating is conceivable as well. Some rats will only consume particular meals, which can lead to nutritional issues.


  • High in protein content
  • Normative foraging practices


  • Possible dietary selection
  • Expensive

Science-Based Rat Chow from Supreme Petfoods

The price of Supreme Petfoods Science Selective Rat Food is rather high. It is formulated to be nutritionally complete and contains many of the elements your rat would consume in the wild.

This dish contains some high-quality components, such as apples and blackcurrants, but wheat dominates. This is comparable to the vast majority of other foods, so there is little justification for the substantial price difference.

According to our analysis, this product offers few additional benefits that distinguish it from the competition. You are paying extra for a similar product offered by other companies.

Due to this, we were unable to give this food a higher rating. It’s not that the food is horrible. There are just cheaper solutions on the market that are vastly superior.

There is no reason to spend the additional funds, as there are no additional benefits for your rat.


  • A few premium ingredients are accessible.


  • Expensive
  • Low value

Tiny Friends Farm Reggie Rat & Mimi Mouse Food

In addition to being nutritionally full, Tiny Friends Farm Reggie Rat Food is also quite important compared to other formulas.

It has a few components, including those that contribute to the nutritious content of the food, such as flaxseed.

It does not contain added sugars, as do the majority of infant formulae.

This product promises that it contains peas and alfalfa, although those components appear later in the ingredient list. This is a fantastic example of why it is crucial to read the ingredient list.

Even if a formula specifies the presence of a component, it does not imply that it is present in substantial quantities.

There are numerous reports that rats dislike this diet. However, you can say that about virtually every food on the market. Rats are finicky eaters and may refuse to consume foods of the greatest quality.


  • Completely nutritional


  • Not as tasty as alternatives
  • Lacking ingredient list
  • Messy

Final Decision

Oxbow Essentials Regal Rat Adult Rat Food is the best foods for rat. It has a low-fat content and a high protein content. It has high-quality elements that many other meals lack, such as fish meals. In addition, it contains an abundance of vitamins and minerals, making it a balanced meal for your rat.

Kaytee Supreme Fortified Daily Diet Rat Food may be a good choice if you’re wanting to save a little money. This feed is nutrient-rich and provides your rat with everything it needs to flourish.

BestForPets (bestforpets.org) reviews should have helped you cut through the uncertainty and myths that permeate the rat diet. There is no one-size-fits-all solution, but we hope that our evaluations have helped to clarify the situation for you.

What to Look for When Buying Food for Rat

When selecting rat food for your pet, you must be mindful of numerous factors. Even though a food is promoted as being of excellent quality, this does not always imply that it is.

Many manufacturers will exaggerate the advantages of specific compounds, even if they are ineffective or dangerous to rats.

You are responsible for arming yourself with the knowledge necessary to make the best option for your rat. This section will assist you in doing so by covering the fundamentals of rat feeding and addressing what your rat needs to flourish.


There are several misunderstandings about what constitutes high-quality rat food. Almost all brands promote the quality of their product, however, this is not always the reality.

Neither are the most costly dishes typically the greatest alternatives. Occasionally, they include excessive quantities of pricey chemicals that rats do not actually require.

You should pick pellet-form meals wherever possible. Typically, this signifies that the diet was designed in a laboratory to ensure that it includes everything your rat requires.

In addition, pellet meals cannot be consumed selectively. This is where the rat selects certain items from the mixture and discards the rest. This can result in nutritional issues.

However, each particle of pelleted food has every element. The rat cannot simply select its favorite meals.


Rat feeding costs might vary considerably. Obviously, the size of the bag is really important. Although larger bags are more costly, they may save you money over time.

If you know that your rat will devour a certain meal, you should get a larger bag. However, do not start with the larger bag. Rats may be fussy eaters. You do not want to purchase a 10-pound bag of food that your rat will not consume.

Generally speaking, more costly rat feeds are of greater quality, however, this is not always the case.

We evaluated several pricey items that lacked substantial advantages over less expensive alternatives. We do not advocate judging the quality of a product by its price.


Rats are surprisingly finicky eaters. In contrast to certain other animals, they will not consume whatever is placed in front of them.

This is one reason why selective feeding is a significant problem. If a rat prefers one food over another, it is very likely to select that item.

There is no flavor or substance that rats enjoy in particular. Many rats choose fattier diets, even if they may not be the healthiest option. Some rats will enjoy a certain formula, while others will not touch it.

The only way to determine what your rat will eat is to test it yourself. Over time, you may realize that your rat loves various substances, or it may appear utterly random.

Dietary Needs

Let’s examine the nitty-gritty of rat nutrition now that we know a few things to look for when selecting rat food.

There are several factors that influence a rat’s nutritional requirements. Your rat’s dietary demands depend on a variety of factors, including its species, gender, age, level of activity, temperature, kind of cage, and water composition.

Obviously, pregnant rats and rats utilized for breeding have increased nutritional requirements. These rats typically require a particular diet for these reasons.

Rats that are pregnant require 10% to 30% extra energy at the beginning of their pregnancy. As a woman nears the conclusion of her pregnancy, this number may surpass 140%.

Their consumption should not be limited. Although pregnant rats may appear to be continuously eating, their energy requirements are quite high during this time.

Because rats have relatively small stomachs, it is vital to feed them frequently. If you are using high-quality food, you should be able to feed your rat at least twice a day without incident.

Some meals are designed to be readily available at all times. A rat’s stomach empties in only six hours without food, and even one day without food might cause health concerns.

Rats should primarily ingest a laboratory-formulated diet. This is one of the few methods to guarantee that they are receiving all of the necessary nutrients from their meal. Occasionally, nutritious treats such as fresh fruits and vegetables can be added for variety.

Rats should not consume a high-sugar diet; ideally, there should be no added sugars. Complex carbs should be the majority of their diet. These carbohydrates are often heavy in protein and relatively low in fat, which is exactly what most rats require.

The Fat Issue

Typically, rats prefer fatty diets. This covers common components of seed mixtures, such as sunflower seeds and peanuts. When given available, many rats may choose them over other diets, which can lead to nutritional deficits.

Rats are naturally attracted to fat, as it helps them survive periods of scarce food. In the environment, rats would encounter these fat-rich diets only seldom.

When they became accessible, they would not be for very long. Rats have evolved to store this vital fat wherever possible.

In captivity, rats are frequently fed the same meal for an extended length of time. If the food contains excessive amounts of fat, the rat may acquire weight and become obese.

It may become a major issue when rats chose fat over other foods, depriving themselves of essential vitamins and minerals for survival.

We thus propose low-fat meals for the majority of rats. Growing and pregnant rats may require greater fat diets, but protein is the most important ingredient they require.

Author Image

Dr. Deborah Fletcher

Deborah R. Fletcher, DVM, is a skilled veterinarian with more than 15 years of experience dealing with companion and exotic animals. She has experience caring for a variety of animals, including household cats and dogs, reptiles, birds of prey, and even primates. Dr. Fletcher is a valuable part of the BestForPets team, where she contributes to their aim of providing pets and their owners with the finest possible treatment and services.

Veterinarian (DVM) Dr. Deborah Fletcher


Rated 0 out of 5
0 out of 5 stars (based on 0 reviews)
Very good0%

There are no reviews yet. Be the first one to write one.

Related articles